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nat king cole

The band's first single was the classic, two minute slice of vitriol, White Riot. The band's self-titled debut album soon followed later that year. From the start it was clear the band wanted to manipulate punk's energy as a means of political protest - Their songs were teeming with images of tower blocks, dole queues and race riots. Prophetically, I'm So Bored With The USA railed against the US domination of Europe and a cover of Junior Murvin's Police & Thieves was the first of many forays into dub reggae. The album defined the sound of British punk - vitriolic guitars gelling with Strummer's sloganeering. The album hit the UK Top 20 although CBS deemed it too uncommercial for a US release where it promptly sold 100,000 copies on import. For much of 1977 group members were in and out of trouble with the law for petty offences, (Headon for shooting a pigeon!) which added to their rock rebel status.

In 1978, having replaced Terry Chimes on drums with Topper Headon, the Clash returned with their second album, Give 'Em Enough Rope. With Blue Oyster Cult producer Sandy Pearlman at the decks the album was a slicker affair than their debut, aimed at challenging punk's tunnel vision. Punk purists scorned at the apparent sell out but the incendiary tracks Tommy Gun and Safe European Home helped the album reach No.2 in the UK. The band soon embarked on a US tour while UK fans lapped up the The Cost Of Living EP which featured a rebel-rousing cover of Sonny Curtis's I Fought The Law.

Then in 1979 The Clash released their marathon masterpiece, the double album, London Calling. The album showcased the band at their creatively eclectic peak - from the rudeboy skank of Rudie Can't Fail to the rockabilly swagger of Brand New Cadillac, the album was crammed with top tunes and lyrical bravado. Everything fell into place, even the classic cover shot, a pastiche of Elvis Presley's first album. The album would be their first to crack the Top 30 in America. With the praise still ringing in their ears the band embarked on another US and UK, returning to New York to record their next album, Sandinista.

The three album set, released in 1980, is either a masterpiece or a sprawling, self-indulgent collection of unfocused dub and reggae treatments. The truth is somewhere inbetween. Although the set received a critical mauling and the ambition can be described at best as eccentric, there are standout tracks - namely the insistent funk of The Magnificent Seven, Police On My Back and The Call Up. However, the album's poor critical reception and crucially, poor sales, forced a back to basics rethink for the follow up, 1982's Combat Rock. Despite deteriorating relationships within the band, (Headon, now a heroin addict, would soon leave to be replaced by original member Terry Chimes), they recruited veteran rock producer Glyn Johns for what ironically became their most commercially successful album. The album which featured guests including beat poet Allen Ginsberg and rapper Grandmaster Flash, contained a clutch of simple, straight ahead rockers such as Should I Stay Or Should I Go (the band's only UK No.1) and the Fez-tastic Rock The Casbah. Hardcore fans felt the album was a sell-out, geared for the US market. Fears were heightened when the band supported The Who at Shea Stadium in New York.
Soon Capitol Records snapped up the trio. The group%u2019s first session with the label produced the Cole penned hit Straighten Up and Fly Right and Gee Baby Ain't I Good To You. The band's debut album, The Nat King Cole Trio was released in1944 and although they enjoyed much success over the next five years the band's light swing sound would soon be superseded by the emergence of bebop and practitioners like Charlie Parker and Miles Davis. Cole however was going in a wholly pop direction, scoring hits in 1946 with a The Christmas Song (Merry Christmas To You) and I Love You For Sentimental Reasons in 1946. The trio secured their own network radio slot every Saturday afternoon and continued to enjoy great success. In 1948 Cole divorced his wife and married singer Marie Ellington. Among their children was Natalie Cole, who would also become a singer. By 1950, despite lineup changes to the trio, Cole's records were simply billed as Nat King Cole and in July of that year, Cole recorded the theme tune to the movie Mona Lisa. The song became a No.1 hit record. By 1951 Cole had dissolved the trio. The song established Cole in a new role as romantic balladeer and easy listening king and would set the pattern for the second phase of his career as a mainstream entertainer on stage, TV film and record, working with some of the great arrangers of the day, including Nelson Riddle and Billy May.

In 1956, Cole became the first African-American host of a network television series when The Nat King Cole Show debuted as a 15-minute weekly program on November 5. The show was expanded to a half-hour in July 1957 and ran until December of that year. It was widely rumoured that the show never attracted a national sponsor that might have made it an ongoing success because Cole was a black man hosting a national TV show. This was only part of the institutionalised racism that Cole had to endure throughout his career. When Cole and his wife Maria moved into their English Tudor style house in the expensive Hancock Park area of LA it was restricted to whites only. The day that Cole's family moved in, neighbours requested police protection. Later, the Cole's family dog was poisoned and the word 'Nigger' was burned into the grass outside their home. Then Cole began to have problems with the Inland Revenue, many in his circle felt this was as a result of his move into white area.

Outwardly at least, Cole remained unperturbed and continued to make hit records, including 1951's Too Young and 1952's Unforgettable, which his daughter Natalie would eventually record as a duet in 1991 with her father's voice dubbed on. Hit solo albums followed, infact Cole, together with arranger Nelson Riddle predated Frank Sinatra's romantic concept albums, scoring a hit with 1953's Nat King Cole Sings For Two In Love. Up until 1958 and the emergence of rock and roll, Cole was regularly in the top ten of Billboard's most successful performers. But Cole remained unperturbed by rock and roll and his TV show and appearances in Hollywood movies helped keep his profile high.

Infact the 60's opened with the singer celebrating reaching 50m record sales. He also recorded some oustanding albums including Wild Is Love and The Nat King Cole Story, a three album boxed set of re-recordings. Cole also experimented with other styles, including in 1962, two country & western albums - Ramblin' Rose and Dear Lonely Heart. More hit albums followed, Those Lazy, Hazy Days Of Summer, My Fair Lady and Let's Face The Music and Dance. But his career was coming to a close.
Soon Capitol Records snapped up the trio. The group%u2019s first session with the label produced the Cole penned hit Straighten Up and Fly Right and Gee Baby Ain't I Good To You. The band's debut album, The Nat King Cole Trio was released in1944 and although they enjoyed much success over the next five years the band's light swing sound would soon be superseded by the emergence of bebop and practitioners like Charlie Parker and Miles Davis. Cole however was going in a wholly pop direction, scoring hits in 1946 with a The Christmas Song (Merry Christmas To You) and I Love You For Sentimental Reasons in 1946. The trio secured their own network radio slot every Saturday afternoon and continued to enjoy great success. In 1948 Cole divorced his wife and married singer Marie Ellington. Among their children was Natalie Cole, who would also become a singer. By 1950, despite lineup changes to the trio, Cole's records were simply billed as Nat King Cole and in July of that year, Cole recorded the theme tune to the movie Mona Lisa. The song became a No.1 hit record. By 1951 Cole had dissolved the trio. The song established Cole in a new role as romantic balladeer and easy listening king and would set the pattern for the second phase of his career as a mainstream entertainer on stage, TV film and record, working with some of the great arrangers of the day, including Nelson Riddle and Billy May.

In 1956, Cole became the first African-American host of a network television series when The Nat King Cole Show debuted as a 15-minute weekly program on November 5. The show was expanded to a half-hour in July 1957 and ran until December of that year. It was widely rumoured that the show never attracted a national sponsor that might have made it an ongoing success because Cole was a black man hosting a national TV show. This was only part of the institutionalised racism that Cole had to endure throughout his career. When Cole and his wife Maria moved into their English Tudor style house in the expensive Hancock Park area of LA it was restricted to whites only. The day that Cole's family moved in, neighbours requested police protection. Later, the Cole's family dog was poisoned and the word 'Nigger' was burned into the grass outside their home. Then Cole began to have problems with the Inland Revenue, many in his circle felt this was as a result of his move into white area.

Outwardly at least, Cole remained unperturbed and continued to make hit records, including 1951's Too Young and 1952's Unforgettable, which his daughter Natalie would eventually record as a duet in 1991 with her father's voice dubbed on. Hit solo albums followed, infact Cole, together with arranger Nelson Riddle predated Frank Sinatra's romantic concept albums, scoring a hit with 1953's Nat King Cole Sings For Two In Love. Up until 1958 and the emergence of rock and roll, Cole was regularly in the top ten of Billboard's most successful performers. But Cole remained unperturbed by rock and roll and his TV show and appearances in Hollywood movies helped keep his profile high.

Infact the 60's opened with the singer celebrating reaching 50m record sales. He also recorded some oustanding albums including Wild Is Love and The Nat King Cole Story, a three album boxed set of re-recordings. Cole also experimented with other styles, including in 1962, two country & western albums - Ramblin' Rose and Dear Lonely Heart. More hit albums followed, Those Lazy, Hazy Days Of Summer, My Fair Lady and Let's Face The Music and Dance. But his career was coming to a close.




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